smart textiles

Overview of thermal sensors measuring the heat flux through the human body

In the development of thermal protective performance (TPP) clothing for firefighters and industrial workers it is necessary to have sensors which simulate and predict the heat flux through a human body exposed to fire. Several geometries are used to build these sensors, such as embedded thermo-couples, surface-mounted thermo-couples, a full-scale manikin with thermocouples, or a water-cooled sensor used for calibration purposes.