Production parameters for carbon nanofibers

Polyacrylonitrile (PAN) is the most often used material for carbon fiber production. Carbon nanofibers, however, created from electrospun PAN nanofibers, necessitate different production parameters during stabilization and carbonization steps. Investigation of these parameters can be performed by various optical, chemical and other examinations, e.g. of the sample color (with increasing stabilization, samples get darker and darker), using FTIR, DSC, TGA, and other techniques.